What is Water Treatment?
Dealing with “Water Treatment" includes physical, chemical and biological procedures depending on the different substances treated in drinking water treatment plants, sea-water desalination plants or pumping stations. In these contexts valves applications aims to control pressure and flow so as to shut off the flow of water and avoid critical damages to pumps and pipelines.
Wastewater treatment is a process used to remove contaminants from wastewater or sewage and convert it into an effluent that can be returned to the water cycle with minimum impact on the environment, or directly reused. The treatment process takes place in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), often referred to as a Water Resource Recovery Facility (WRRF) or a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP).
Desalination is a process that takes away mineral components from saline water. More generally, desalination refers to the removal of salts and minerals from a target substance,as in soil desalination, which is an issue for agriculture. Saltwater is desalinated to produce water suitable for human consumption or irrigation. The by-product of the desalination process is brine. Desalination is used on many seagoing ships and submarines. Most of the modern interest in desalination is focused on cost-effective provision of fresh water for human use. Along with recycled wastewater, it is one of the few rainfall-independent water sources.
The leading process for desalination in terms of installed capacity and yearly growth is reverse osmosis (RO). The RO membrane processes use semipermeable membranes and applied pressure (on the membrane feed side) to preferentially induce water permeation through the membrane while rejecting salts. Reverse osmosis plant membrane systems typically use less energy than thermal desalination processes. Energy cost in desalination processes varies considerably depending on water salinity, plant size and process type. Reverse osmosis uses a thin-film composite membrane, which comprises an ultra-thin, aromatic polyamide thin-film. This polyamide film gives the membrane its transport properties, whereas the remainder of the thin-film composite membrane provides mechanical support. The polyamide film is a dense, void-free polymer with a high surface area, allowing for its high water permeability.
valveIT PROJECT ATTENDANCE
valveIT is a leader in the valve and plant sector, supplying some of the biggest oil, gas, and water groups in the world. By working with selected partners, we deal with the highest quality valves for Water applications, Firefighting, Desalination & HVAC systems. As part of our project-oriented character we integrate an high range of services which perfectly fit our clients’ specific requests. Beyond the valves from design to delivery.